Good to know by FUSED ADHESIVES
Tile Adhesives are governed by the BS EN 12004:2007 This is the European standard
1 (Normal Dispersion)
1 (Normal Cementitious)
2 (Improved Cementitious)
1 (Normal Reactive Resin)
2 (Improved Reactive Resin)
F (Fast Setting Adhesive)
T (Adhesive with Reduced Slip)
E (Adhesive with extended open time)
S (Adhesive with Deformability
S1 (Deformability >2.5mm but < 5mm
S2 (Deformability >5mm
C1 (Normal Cementitious Adhesive)
C1F (Normal Fast Setting Cementitious Adhesive
C1T (Normal Cementitious Adhesive with reduced slip)
C1FT (Normal Fast setting Cementitious Adhesive with reduced slip)
C2 (Improved Cementitious Adhesive
C2E (Improved Cementitious adhesive With extended open time
C2TE (Improved Cementitious adhesive with reduced slip and extended open time
C2FT (Improved Fast Setting Cementitious Adhesive with reduced slip
D1 (Normal Dispersion Adhesive)
D1T (Normal Dispersion Adhesive with reduced Slip)
D2 (Improved Dispersion Adhesive)
D2T (Improved Dispersion with reduced slip)
D2TE (Improved Dispersion with reduced slip and extended open time)
R1 (Normal Reaction Adhesive)
R1T (Normal Reaction Adhesive with reduced slip)
R2 (Improved Reaction Resin Adhesive)
R2T (Improved Reaction Resin Adhesive with reduced slip)
C2-S1 (Improved Deformable Cementitious Adhesive)
C2-S2 (Improved Highly Deformable Cementitious Adhesive
CG1 Normal Cementitious Grout)
CG2 (Improved Cementitious Grout)
RG (Reaction Resin Grout)
D1t Palace Goldfix
D2t Palace Aqua Tile Waterproof Tile Adhesive
C2FT S1 Tilemaster Setaflex or Laticrete 355R/
C2FT S2 Palace Dustlock S2
CG2 WA Tilemaster Grout 3000 or Palace Antimould
Always use a mixing drill and clean water when mixing tile powdered adhesives and grouts. It is essential that you follow the instructions of every product you're using. make recommended adjust dependent on site conditions and weather. Some products cant be used in conditions lower than 5 degrees Celsius or higher than 25 degrees Celsius so please check on the bag or product before opening.
We promote best practice and that includes back buttering tiles prior to installing. Basically before you are about to set a tile back butter it then set it. This ensure 100% adhesion (bonding) when using a serrated trowel on the substrate. Follow the #backbuttermovement with @tileLifeApparell
Always wear dust mask when cutting tiles, mixing adhesive, grouts and levelling compounds or cleaning substrates prior to tiling.
Wear suitable safety glasses when cutting or shaping tiles and uses gloves or barrier cream when handling or installing tiles and chemicals.
Protect floors with either proplex (cushioned plastic floor protection sheets.
Wash down tiles as your tiling to help make easier when cleaning preparing for grouting.
Use the correct tools for the job, for example use an tileLife diamond disc when cutting porcelain, stone or ceramic. Use a tileLife diamond drill bit when drilling porcelain, stone or ceramic.
Check substrates prior to tiling with moisture readers especially on new build house floors. New build floors are often Calcium or Anhydrous screeds these days. These screeds cannot be tiled with cement adhesives without sanding and priming the substrates properly. We sell Palace Gyp Bond for these substrate please follow all instructions prior to fixing.
When grouting apply grout with a rubber squeegee or grout gloat, when washing excess away use a diagonal motion or 45 degree motion to stop removing the grout you've just applied. This will help flush the grout. Also a grout pointing tools can be used before washing to aid an exact flushed finished.
Clean down dried grout residue with a dry cloth by polishing the tile surface. or use a cement and grout remover for surface hard to clean. All stone and some porcelain should be sealed prior to grouting with a manufacturer recommended sealer.
Use laser levels and centre windows, walls and feature for best layouts. Always try to achieve the biggest cuts and avoid if possible small cuts less than 1 inch (2.5cm) if possible.
We recommend boarding floors with Jackon, TileBank or no more ply and hardibacker style boards when boarding instead of plywood as plywood is no longer recommended as a tiling substrate and its not sustainable.
We recommend installing decoupling mats like Laticrete Strata Mat, Alferground or Dural CI ++ with a 4mm trowel or maximum 6mm trowel and then fill the top side with a floated flushed layer or C2FT S1. Laticrete 355R (recommended) Always use a rapid set adhesive when installing decoupling mats.
When installing splash backs in kitchens use a D1T adhesive such as Palace Goldfix for installing ceramic tiles (metro tiles) and small porcelain tiles less than 300x300 mm tiles.
When installing tiles we recommend installing with a professional levelling systems such as Levelize to help you achieve a perfect finish and to help with tile warpage. Tile warpage or tiles which are bowed (usually plank style tiles or large format tiles).
Always prime substrate and boards with Laticrete NXT Primer plus or Palace GritPrime.
We recommend using thermal boards when fixing underfloor heating or when studding out a shower wall instead of using plasterboards. Use suitable washer with screws. Jackoboard is a market leader with other brands like Wedi and Delta boards are also recommended.
For business help we recommend listening to podcast available or through Podcast app provider which helps tile businesses grow by promoting best practice and bringing in marketing professionals and business professionals who give advice to tile contractors on each show. This show helps you become a more profitable business.